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新闻翻译的技巧有什么?

时间:2019-03-15 16:38:40 作者:


  随着网络的发展,各个国家的新闻我们随时都能了解到,新闻翻译在其中的作用非常重要,由于新闻的时效性和严谨性,对译员是一个不小的考验,下面医学翻译公司给大家分享新闻翻译的技巧有什么?

  With the development of the internet, we can always understand that news translation plays an important role in news translation。 Due to the timeliness and rigor of news, it is a great test for translators。 What are the skills of news translation shared by medical translation companies?

  一、直译或基本直译新闻标题。

  First, literal translation or basic literal translation of news headlines.

  直译和意译孰是孰非在我国译界争论不休,翻译中需视实际情况而定,扬长避短。但无论直译还是意译,都应把忠实于原文内容放在首位。

  Whether literal translation or free translation is right or wrong is a controversial issue in the translation circles of our country。 In translation, we should make full use of our strengths and avoid our weaknesses, depending on the actual situation。 However, whether literal or free translation, faithfulness to the content of the original text should be put in the first place。

  二、翻译中添加注释性词语。

  Second, Adding annotative words in translation.

  英语报刊的新闻标题往往迎合本国读者的阅读习惯,而且由于思维习惯与中国人不同,英语新闻标题的表达方式也与中文有所不同。因此,翻译过程中必须充分考虑到内外有别的原则和我国读者的阅读心理,对国人可能不太熟悉的有关信息、文化背景知识以及不符合国内读者阅读习惯的表达方式 进行必要的变通,该删则删,该增则增。

  News headlines in English newspapers and periodicals often cater to the reading habits of their readers, and because their thinking habits are different from those of Chinese people, the expressions of English news headlines are also different from those of Chinese。 Therefore, different principles at home and abroad and the reading psychology of Chinese readers must be fully taken into account in the process of translation, and necessary adaptations should be made to relevant information, cultural background knowledge that may not be familiar with the Chinese people, and expressions that do not conform to the reading habits of domestic readers。

  三、尽量再现原文修辞特点。

  Third, try to reproduce the rhetorical features of the original text.

  许多新闻标题不仅以其简洁精炼引人注意,同时也通过运用各种修辞技巧,既有效地传递一些微妙的隐含信息,又使读者在义、音、形等方面得到美的享受。因此,在翻译时应尽可能地体现原文修辞特点,如双关、比喻、押韵等,使译文和原文在修辞上基本吻合,从而让译文读者得到与原文读者 近乎一样的感受。

三公棋牌  Many news headlines not only attract attention because of their conciseness and refinement, but also through the use of various rhetoric techniques, they not only effectively convey some subtle implicit information, but also enable readers to enjoy beauty in meaning, sound and form。 Therefore, the rhetoric features of the source text should be embodied as much as possible in translation, such as pun, metaphor, rhyme and so on, so that the target text and the source text are basically identical in rhetoric, so that the readers of the target text can get almost the same feeling as the readers of the original text。

  四、采用翻译权衡手法。

  Fourthly, translation trade-offs should be adopted.

  有时,当一些英语标题或因修辞手法、或因文化及语言差异,在汉语中难以表现其微妙意义时,不妨根据英语标题字面意,结合新闻内容译出合适的中文标题。这样处理时,可根据汉语以及汉语新闻标题的特点,采用不同语法修辞手段,以取得最佳效果。

  Sometimes, when some English headlines are difficult to express their subtle meanings in Chinese due to rhetorical devices or cultural and linguistic differences, it is advisable to translate appropriate Chinese headlines according to the literal meaning of English headlines and news content。 In this way, according to the characteristics of Chinese and Chinese news headlines, different grammatical and rhetorical devices can be used to achieve the best results。

中译国际翻译(北京)有限公司
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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