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时间：2019-03-14 15:12:44 作者：
Language is broad and profound, proverbs shine with the artistic characteristics of various countries, so how can English proverbs be translated? Today, the Medical Translation Company takes you to know about it.
Literal translation can not only convey the cultural information contained in English proverbs, but also produce a higher efficiency of cultural information transmission。 At the same time, it retains the national color and cultural characteristics of English proverbs, so that Chinese readers can feel English culture better。 This method of translation puts faithfulness to the content of the original text in the first place, faithfulness to the form of the original text in the second place, and fluency in the form of the translation in the third place。
Some English proverbs contain historical allusions or cultural backgrounds peculiar to English-speaking countries. It is difficult for Chinese readers to understand them after literal translation. To adopt free translation means to abandon the image and metaphor of the original text, grasp the content and meaning, and convey the original meaning flexibly in combination with the context. This translation method puts the content of faithfulness to the original text in the first place, and the smooth form of translation in the second place, rather than sticking to the form of the original text in the third place.
The so-called reverse translation means that the original text is expressed from the positive side, and the translation can be translated from the negative side。 Some English proverbs in positive form often have negative meanings; others in negative form often have positive meanings。 These English proverbs are usually translated into Chinese by means of retranslation。
Some English proverbs and Chinese proverbs are identical in form and meaning. When translating these English proverbs into Chinese, they can be translated directly by borrowing proverbs with the same or similar metaphorical meanings. In this way, not only the verve and form of the original text can be well maintained, but also the translation can be easily accepted by Chinese readers.
Due to the differences in grammatical rules and word order between English and Chinese, it is called retranslation to move the ending part to the front or the former part to the back when translating. When English proverbs are translated into Chinese, their translation is not only expressive, but also very smooth and graceful.
Some English proverbs have strong national color, local color or allusive nature. It is necessary to add annotations in Chinese translation to make the meaning clear and willing. This translation method is called adding words and annotations.
Sometimes when translating English proverbs, neither literal translation nor free translation can express the meaning of the original proverbs accurately and effectively。 At this time, literal translation and free translation can be combined to make up for the inadequacy of literal translation and free translation。 After literal translation, the true meaning of proverbs is added in order to get the finishing touch。
Although English proverbs and Chinese proverbs belong to different cultural systems, some English proverbs and Chinese proverbs are consistent in content and form. They not only have the same meaning and rhetoric, but also have the same or generally the same image metaphor.